Yacht is a highly durable consumer goods for aquatic entertainment. It integrates navigation, sports, entertainment, leisure and other functions, to meet the needs of individuals and families to enjoy life. In developed countries, like the car as much as the private yacht owned, but in the developing world, many parks, tourist attractions as the yacht business projects for consumption, a small amount as the port supervision and frontier work means. A yacht is a recreational tool that distinguishes it from a high-speed ship and a passenger ship as a means of transport. The yacht club originated in Britain in eighteenth Century, early is a vessel for ships in berthing enthusiasts dignitaries, repair, supply a small dock. With the development of industrial civilization, the scale of Marina became larger and larger and gradually became a gathering place of the upper strata of society. The original simple functions are no longer enough to meet the growing demands of entertainment, social and business affairs. Thus, a collection of restaurants, entertainment, accommodation, business, ship parking, maintenance, supply, driving, training and other functions in one of the yacht club prototype came into being. Yacht clubs flourished in western developed countries after World War ii.
Two. Types of yachts
1, according to the international standard size: according to the specifications on foot yacht from the calculation of the size is divided into three types: 36 feet below the small yacht, 36-60 feet above medium-sized yachts, 60 feet of large luxury yachts. There are small boats (less than 6 meters), small yachts (6 ~ 10.5 meters), medium-sized yachts (10.5 ~ 18 meters), large yachts (more than 18 meters). Large luxury yachts on the scales are divided into 35~40 meters, 41~44 meters, 45~49 meters, 50~54 meters and 55~60 meters five grades.
2, according to origin classification: Italy: design reflects romantic style, luxury, elegant, represents the trend of modern yacht. The United States: to reflect personal taste, pay attention to self personalized design. England: British yacht has a strong classical aristocratic atmosphere. Taiwan: Taiwan yacht more casual, more suitable for most Chinese use, at present, 70% of Hongkong's yachts are produced in Taiwan, while the Taiwan brand in the United States sales in good condition. There are other French, in the country, Hongkong, because of the relatively small number, popularity is not very high. In addition, the domestic yacht manufacturers, mostly foreign invested enterprises in Chinese production base, and are not on a certain scale, but also has not formed the brand, but from a long-term point of view, the domestic yacht manufacturers will form their own brand.
3, according to functional categories: there are recreational boats, commercial communication boats, rowing, fishing boats, private boats, patrol boats, Hong Kong surveillance boats, etc.. Strictly speaking, the latter three are contrary to the nature of yachts, but they are similar to yachts in terms of construction scale and technology, and some people refer to them as yachts. Sports yachts, which are small yachts, or boats, are designed to speed as a selling point and have a lower price, so there is a market among young people. Recreational yachts, which are mostly purchased by families, are used as a family resort. Generally to 30 feet to about 45 feet of the yacht based, design is also taking into account the convenience of home use, decoration is also to foil the family atmosphere as a selling point, the market is also the type of yacht based. This kind of yacht yacht business, are generally large size inside the yacht, luxury decoration, but also can be said to be a luxury yacht, is generally used for large enterprise groups, corporate executives to buy was mostly used for business meetings, gatherings, small PARTY company.
4, according to the quality of classification: there are high-end luxury yachts, family luxury yachts, mid-range ordinary yachts and cheap yachts. Luxury yacht captain 35 meters, the boat is equipped with the most modern communications and navigation systems, the cabin is equipped with advanced materials such as teak, leather, gold-plated hardware, stainless steel handrails, advanced carpet, high-grade furniture, modern electrical equipment, antiques, calligraphy and painting, special lighting design and other facilities, from the inside to set off the luxurious atmosphere. The yacht is not only a pleasure for the family members, but also the ideal place for the boat owner to do business, deal with daily work and social activities, as well as the trump card of the boat owner showing his economic strength to the VIP or opponent. The luxury yachts range in price from millions of dollars to tens of millions of dollars. Consumers are mainly nobles, giant. Family luxury yacht scales generally more than 13.5 meters, it is novel design, selection of superior, the structure and manufacturing process accuracy is high, the use of brand-name equipment, facilities, comfortable, priced at more than 300 thousand U. S. dollars. Mid-range ordinary yacht scale is generally 9 to 13.5 meters, single boat priced at $5~20, the yacht quality moderate, the consumer market is vast. Cheap yachts range below 9 meters, and boats are priced at under $50 thousand, which is the largest.
5, according to the type of power division: there are no power boats, sails, motor boats. The sail boats are divided into auxiliary power sail boats and auxiliary power sail boats. The motor boats are divided into outboard, boat, boat and boat. The lifeboat installed boats can also be divided into small boats and luxury boats two grades.
6, according to the division of material: wooden boats, FRP craft, Kevlar fiber reinforced composite material of aluminum and steel boats, boat boat. At present, fiberglass boats accounted for the vast proportion, rowing, sailing boats, luxury boats use Kevlar reinforced materials more; aluminum boats in outboard and large luxury yachts for